Robert J. Marks II

Robert J. Marks II
Born (1950-08-25) August 25, 1950 (age 63)
West Virginia, United States
Main interests Computational Intelligence

Robert Jackson Marks II is a Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at


The Evolutionary Informatics Lab website controversy

Main article: Evolutionary Informatics Lab

In 2007, Marks created on a Baylor University server a website for the and still contains the material advancing intelligent design.

Additional controversy arose when it was discovered that

Marks agrees that "associating with [intelligent design] proponents can be harmful to your career" and expressed sympathy for

Technical contributions

Marks is a researcher in the area of

  • Treatment of prostate cancer. Marks and his colleagues developed algorithms for real time identification of placement of radioactive seeds in cancerous prostates.
  • Optimal detection. In the field of
Marks, Wise, Haldeman and Whited have derived exact expressions for the test statistic distribution functions, and thus were able to analyze the performance of the optimal detector for given values of signal strength and sample size.
  • Power load forecasting using neural networks. With his colleagues at the
  • Signal display in time and frequency. The Zhao-Atlas-Marks time-frequency distribution,
    • The ZAMD is a special case of time-frequency distributions.
    • The ZAMD is currently in the
The Zhao–Atlas–Marks distribution produces a good resolution in time and frequency domains. The ZAMD method reduces the interference resulting from the cross-terms present in multi-component signals. It is useful in resolving close spectral peaks and capturing non-stationary and multi-component signals.
[T]he Zhao-Atlas-Marks time-frequency distribution ... significantly enhances the time and frequency resolution and eliminates all undesirable cross terms. // The ZAM distribution has been applied to speech with remarkable results.
  • Remote sensing. Marks and his colleagues
  • Wireless arrays. Marks is a co-recipient of a
  • Power generation. Working with
[Their diagnostic test performs] detection and localization of shorted turns in the DC field winding of turbine-generator rotors using novelty detection and fuzzified neural networks. Use of neural networks with fuzzy logic outputs and traveling wave techniques ... is an accurate locator of shorted turns in turbo-generator rotors.
  • Marks has made a number of contributions to the
    • Restoration of lost samples. Using "sophisticated estimation of the missing samples using previous and future samples,"
    • Ill-posed sampling. The
    • Optimal image sampling. Cheung and Marks aliasing.
Their "very interesting multidimensional construction ... exploit[s] the [required] spectral gaps that occur when sampling multidimensional signals. Their approach is to slice the spectrum into narrow bands, and handle separately those bands which contain signal energy and those which do not."
    • System representation using samples. Marks and his colleagues showed continuous dynamic systems can be characterized using the
Techniques have been developed by Walkup, Marks, and their co-workers whereby a shift-variant transformation can be separated into a number of discrete operations. // Marks et al. have derived a generalized sampling theorem that gives the ... rates necessary for dealing with shift-variant operations. // Marks has [also] proposed a number of processors based on temporally multiplexing the impulse response.

  • Optical computers. Marks invented an all optical computer that – using lenses, mirrors, and light from a laser – performs iterative calculations literally at the speed of light.
While many problems in optics can be solved by projections, it is difficult to solve such problems using all-optical methods. A notable exception is Marks' all-optical implementations of the convex projection algorithm for implementing super-resolution.


Marks served as the faculty adviser to the

Marks has made science-oriented Genesis is the creator of the universe, and indicates that, from an observers perspective on the surface of the earth (granting an opaque to translucent to transparent atmosphere), the "sequence of events in Genesis is consistent with the sequence of events in science."

Marks refers to himself as "A servant of Jesus Christ."

Other activities

  • With
  • Marks has served as a consultant with
  • Marks was the cartoonist for the student newspaper while at Rose–Hulman Institute of Technology.,
  • Marks hosted a political radio talk show in the early 1970s.
  • Marks's

Books by Robert J. Marks II

  • R.J. Marks II, "Handbook of Fourier Analysis and Its Applications," Oxford University Press, (2009).[23]
  • R. D. Reed and R.J. Marks II, Neural Smithing: Supervised Learning in Feedforward Artificial Neural Networks, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, (1999).
  • M. Palaniswami, Y. Attikiouzel, R.J. Marks II, David Fogel and Toshio Fukuda; Editors, Computational Intelligence: A Dynamic System Perspective, IEEE Press, (1995).
  • R.J. Marks II, Editor, Fuzzy Logic Technology and Applications, IEEE Technical Activities Board, Piscataway, (1994).
  • J.Zurada, R.J. Marks II and C.J. Robinson; Editors, Computational Intelligence: Imitating Life, (IEEE Press, 1994).
  • R.J. Marks II, Introduction to Shannon Sampling and Interpolation Theory, Springer-Verlag, (1991).[24]
  • M.A. El-Sharkawi and R. J. Marks II, Editors, Applications of Neural Networks to Power Systems, IEEE Press, Piscataway, (1991).


External links

  • Robert J. Marks II, PhD home page
  • Dr. Robert J. Marks II Engineering Faculty, Baylor University
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